Influence of Magnetic Impurities upon Universal conductance Fluctuations
T. Dietl
Institute of Physics and College of Science, Polish Academy of Sciences, Al. Lotników 32/46, 02-668 Warszawa, Poland
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Mesoscopic phenomena in quantum structures which incorporate magnetic impurities with localized spins may exhibit a number of novel features driven by spin-disorder scattering, exchange spin-splitting of electron bands, and the formation of bound magnetic polarons. After brief information on these effects, their influence on universal conductance fluctuations as well as on low frequency noise and quantum localization is presented. Millikelvin investigations of diffusive charge transport, which have been carried out for submicron wires of n+-Cd1-xMnxTe epilayers, are reviewed in some details. These studies have provided information on the significance of spin-disorder scattering in semiconductors and put into the evidence a new driving mechanism of the magnetoconductance fluctuations - the redistribution of the electrons between energy levels of the system, induced by the giant s-d exchange spin-splitting. Important implications of these findings for previous interpretations of spin effects in semiconductor and metal nanostructures are discussed.
DOI: 10.12693/APhysPolA.91.161
PACS numbers: 72.15.Rn, 73.20.Fz, 73.61.Ga, 75.50.Pp