A Single-Photon Router in Quantum Fluctuation of Field
Li-Wei Liua,b, Yu-Qing Shi a and Chen Qiong a
aCollege of Electrical Engineering, Northwest University for Nationalities, Lanzhou 730000, China
bKey Laboratory for Electronic Materials of the State Ethnic Affairs Commission of PRC, Northwest University for Nationalities, Lanzhou 730000, China
Received: 25 February 2017; In final form: 14 July, 2017
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We investigate a single-photon quantum router in quantum fluctuation of fields. The optomechanical system composed of a cigar-shaped Bose-Einstein condensate trapped in an ultrahigh-finesse Fabry-PĂ©rot cavity. We show how an analog of electromagnetically induced transparency in an optomechanical system can be used to produce a switch for a quantum fluctuation field using very low pumping field strength. The numerical results show that the output photon is completely different by turning the pump off and turning the pump on. We also show that the quantum noise sources are very small. This optomechanical system can serve as a single-photon quantum router.

DOI: 10.12693/APhysPolA.132.1358
topics: single-photon quantum router, Bose-Einstein condensate, cavity optomechanical