Signatures of Majorana States in Electron Transport through a Quantum Dot Coupled to a Topological Wire
P. Stefański
Institute of Molecular Physics of the Polish Academy of Sciences, ul. Smoluchowskiego 17, 60-179 Poznań, Poland
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We consider theoretically a system composed of a quantum dot coupled to a topological superconducting wire. The dot, being in Coulomb blockade (CB) regime is additionally coupled to the normal leads. The topological wire hosts Majorana states, which, as we show, characteristically modifies conductance through the dot. An unpaired Majorana state in the wire causes a unique temperature dependence of zero bias conductance vs. gate voltage. It decreases in-between CB peaks and on the sides of the peaks from the plateau at ~e2/2h when temperature increases. At the same time conductance increases at the CB peak positions. It is accompanied by zero bias anomaly in differential conductance. For finite overlap of Majorana states in the wire the zero bias anomaly disappears. Instead, two characteristic Fano resonances of opposite symmetry appear, positioned mirror-symmetrically with respect to zero bias.

DOI: 10.12693/APhysPolA.127.198
PACS numbers: 73.63.-b, 73.23.Hk, 73.21.La, 74.78.Na