Polaron Effects on Nonlinear Optical Properties of a Hydrogenic Impurity in a CdTe/ZnTe Quantum Dot
A. Azhagu Parvathia and A. John Peterb
aDept. of Physics, VV Vanniaperumal College for Women, Virudhunagar-626 001, India
bDept. of Physics, Govt. Arts College, Melur-625 106, Madurai, India
Received: January 17, 2012; In final form: July 24, 2013
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Hydrogenic donor impurity binding energy is obtained in a ZnxCd1-xTe/-ZnTe strained quantum dot taking into account the phonon confinement effect. The interaction of the electron and the phonon modes are expressed in terms of the Fröhlich interaction Hamiltonian. The binding energy is obtained for various Zn composition using the Aldrich-Bajaj effective potential. Calculations have been obtained using the Bessel function as an orthonormal basis for different confinement potentials of barrier height considering the internal electric field induced by the spontaneous and piezoelectric polarizations. Polaron induced linear and third-order nonlinear optical absorption coefficients and the changes of refractive index as a function of incident photon energy are observed. Our results coincide with the recent observations of a hydrogenic impurity binding energy in a CdTe/-ZnTe quantum dot solved analytically. It is observed that the potential taking into account the effects of phonon makes the hydrogenic binding energies larger than the obtained results using a Coulomb potential screened by a static dielectric constant and the optical properties of hydrogenic impurity in a quantum dot are strongly affected by the confining potential and the quantum size. It is found that the geometry of the quantum dot, zinc concentration and the effect of phonon have a great influence on the absorption coefficient and refractive index changes of the dot. It is also observed that the magnitude of the absorption coefficients enhances with the inclusion of phonon effect.

DOI: 10.12693/APhysPolA.124.706
PACS numbers: 73.21.Fg, 42.65.An, 71.38.-k