Hybrid Quantum Dot-Metal Nanoparticle Systems: Connecting the Dots
R.D. Artuso a and G.W. Bryantb
aJoint Quantum Institute and Department of Physics, University of Maryland, College Park, MD, 20742-4111, USA
bJoint Quantum Institute and Quantum Measurement Division, National Institute of Standards, and Technology, Gaithersburg, MD, 20899-8423, USA
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Hybrid molecules formed by coupling semiconductor quantum dots to metal nanoparticle nanoantennas provide a new paradigm for directed nanoscale transfer of quantum information. To assess this possibility, we study theoretically the response of these hybrid molecules to applied optical fields. Quantum-coherent time-evolution of the semiconductor quantum dots in the hybrid molecule is found by solving the semiconductor quantum dot density matrix equations. We study hybrid molecules in the weak and strong coupling regimes. In strongly driven, strongly dipole-coupled semiconductor quantum dot-metal nanoparticle hybrids with spherical metal nanoparticles, interference, dispersion near resonance and self interaction define the metal nanoparticle/-semiconductor quantum dot coupling and lead to the Fano resonances, exciton induced transparency, suppressed semiconductor quantum dot response and bistability. More complicated response can be tailored by using metal nanoparticle shape and the placement of semiconductor quantum dots to control the local near-fields that couple the metal nanoparticles and semiconductor quantum dots. We describe how coupling to metal nanoparticle dark modes and higher order multipolar modes impact interference and self-interaction effects. The physics of the metal nanoparticle/-semiconductor quantum dot coupling is outlined.
DOI: 10.12693/APhysPolA.122.289
PACS numbers: 73.20.Mf, 73.21.La, 78.67.Bf, 78.67.Hc