Open End Correction for Arbitrary Mode Propagating in a Cylindrical Acoustic Waveguide
A. Snakowskaa, J. Jurkiewiczb and D. Smolikc
aFaculty of Mechanical Engineering and Robotics, AGH, al. A. Mickiewicza 30, 30-059 Cracow, Poland
bFaculty of Electrical Engineering, Automatics, IT and Electronics, AGH, al. A. Mickiewicza 30, 30-059 Cracow, Poland
cFaculty of Physics and Applied Computer Science, AGH, al. A. Mickiewicza 30, 30-059 Cracow, Poland
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The paper presents a method of theoretical derivation and numerical calculation of the open-end correction coefficient for an arbitrary cut-on mode propagating in acoustic waveguide. Actually, the so-called open-end correction coefficient of acoustic tube, frequently discussed in literature, refers to specific conditions, when the wave heading the outlet is the plane wave. It follows from the fact that the plane wave is a commonly applied approximation when considering phenomena in duct-like devices or systems (tubes, musical instruments, heating or ventilation systems). The aim of the paper is to extend the concept of the open-end correction on the so-called higher Bessel modes, that under some conditions can also propagate in a duct. Theoretical results, forming the basis for numerical calculations, were obtained by considering diffraction at the duct end and applying the Wiener-Hopf factorization method. As a result, the formula for the acoustic field inside the duct was derived. For each Bessel mode present in the incident wave the reflected wave is composed of all cut-on modes of the same circumferential order. Each mode present in the reflected wave is characterized by the complex reflection/coupling coefficient, argument of which describes phase change at the duct end and therefore the open-end correction coefficient can be attributed to each coupled pair of modes.
DOI: 10.12693/APhysPolA.120.736
PACS numbers: 43.20.Rz, 43.20.Mv