Electron Transport and Quantum-Dot Energy Levels in Z-Shaped Graphene Nanoconstriction with Zigzag Edges
A. Rycerz
Instytut Fizyki im. Mariana Smoluchowskiego, Uniwersytet Jagielloński, Reymonta 4, PL-30-059 Kraków, Poland
Institut für Theoretische Physik, Universität Regensburg, D-93040 Regensburg, Germany
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Motivated by recent advances in fabricating graphene nanostructures, we find that an electron can be trapped in Z-shaped graphene nanoconstriction with zigzag edges. The central section of the constriction operates as a single-level quantum dot, as the current flow towards the adjunct sections (rotated by 60°) is strongly suppressed due to mismatched valley polarization, although each section in isolation shows maximal quantum value of the conductance G0 = 2e2/h. We further show that the trapping mechanism is insensitive to the details of constriction geometry, except from the case when widths of the two neighboring sections are equal. The relation with earlier studies of electron transport through symmetric and asymmetric kinks with zigzag edges is also established.
DOI: 10.12693/APhysPolA.118.238
PACS numbers: 73.63.-b, 73.22.Pr, 81.07.Ta