Electric Polarization of Onsager Fluids. II. Birefringence. 2. Molar Kerr Constants of Binary Solutions
V.V. Prezhdoa, G.V. Tarasovab, O.V. Prezhdoc, S.A. Tyurinb, O.N. Akulovab and T.N. Kurskayab
aInstitute of Chemistry, University of Opole, Oleska 48, Opole, Poland
bUkrainian Scientific Center for Water Control, Kharkov, Ukraine
cDepartment of Chemistry, University of Texas, Austin, USA
Received: April 6, 1994; in final form: June 17, 1994
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On the ground of dielectrometry and electric birefringence data we calculated molar Kerr constants of substances dissolved in organic media of diverse polarity and polarizability under the conditions of infinite dilution. Minimal errors of the calculated constants, in relation to their gaseous phase values, were achieved as a result of the introduction of the local field model, which evolves the concepts of reactive field and local electric induction of a polarized fluid, into the orientational theory of Kerr effect.
DOI: 10.12693/APhysPolA.86.327
PACS numbers: 31.70.Dk, 78.20.Fm, 72.80.Jc