Lattice Location of Rare Earth Ions in Semiconductors and Their Optical Activity
A. Kozanecki
Institute of Physics, Polish Academy of Sciences, Al. Lotników 32/46, 02-668 Warszawa, Poland
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Lattice location experiments performed on Yb- and Er-doped III-V semiconducting compounds using Rutherford backscattering and channeling have been reviewed. It has been shown that Yb atoms locate substitutionally in InP and InP-based ternary alloys, while in gallium compounds no substitutional fraction of Yb could be detected. An intense intra-4f-shell luminescence of Yb3+ has been observed in In compounds. The photoluminescence spectra of Yb3+ reflect local alloy disorder in InPAs and GaInP, suggesting that the Yb atoms are tetrahedrally coordinated. No Yb-related emission could be observed in gallium compounds, except a weak Yb3+ photoluminescence in GaP. An evidence has been presented that Er atoms introduced into III-V compounds locate predominantly at interstitial positions. In GaAs they move into tetrahedral lattice sites as a result of thermal annealing at temperatures higher than 600°C. The location of Er atoms at substitutional positions is accompanied with the disappearance of the intra-4f-shell luminescence of Er3+. The reasons of the observed correlation of luminescence properties and positions of Er and Yb atoms in zincblende lattices are discussed.
DOI: 10.12693/APhysPolA.84.881
PACS numbers: 61.80.Ih, 78.55.-m