Interferometry Method as a Way to Find Nonlinear Optical Responses of Nanoparticles
S. Salmania, b, N. Ghazyania, b, A. Kavianfara, M. Behravana, M.H. Majles Araa, b
aPhotonics Lab, Department of Physics, Kharazmi University, Tehran, Iran
bResearch Institute of Applied Sciences, Kharazmi University, Karaj, Iran
Received: January 30, 2018; revised version October 1, 2018; in final form November 25, 2018
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In this paper, for the first time, we introduce a simple way for finding the nonlinear optical properties of nanoparticles. The Michelson interferometer was used for calculating nonlinear refractive index. In comparison with conventional methods, the interferometry has high sensitivity and uses a single coherent beam that reduces the complexity and cost of experimental setup. The He-Ne laser with 75 mW laser irradiation at 632.8 nm was applied to different concentrations of TiO2 nanoparticles as a notable sample. By analysing the changes at interferometric patterns of different samples, the magnitude of (n2) was obtained in 10-8 cm2/W order. To confirm the interferometry results, the common Z-scan method was used to measure the nonlinear refractive index which reveals that the results are in good agreement with the interferometry method.

topics: nonlinear refractive index, Michelson interferometer, Z-scan technique, nanoparticles