Effect of Calcined Colemanite Addition on the Rheological Behaviour of Porcelain Suspension
Y. Özdemir, S. Akpınar, S. Abbak and A. Evcin
Afyon Kocatepe University, Material Science and Engineering Department, Afyonkarahisar, Turkey
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A standard composition for hard porcelain production was prepared by mixing 50 wt% kaolin, 25 wt% potassium feldspar and 25 wt% quartz. Calcined colemanite powders were added to the porcelain formulation by replacing the potassium feldspar up to 5 wt% to explore its effect on the rheological behaviour of porcelain slip casting. A rheological study has been carried out in order to optimize the processing of the slip casting by using a rotational stress-controlled rheometer. The measurements were performed at constant temperature (25°C) using a parallel plate configuration. Sweep measurements were then conducted in the shear rates ranging from about 0.1-1000 s-1. The stability of the suspensions with ammonium polyacrylate (Darvan 821A) was determined in order to select the suitable dispersant amount. In order to achieve casting of acceptable characteristics on a plaster of Paris mould, the slurry should have the appropriate thixotropic or shear-thinning behaviours. Therefore, the same favourable thixotropic behaviour of slurries of different amount of calcined colemanite powders, the solid contents of the slurries have been optimised.

DOI: 10.12693/APhysPolA.132.825
topics: rheology, colemanite, slip casting