Preparation and Characterization of High Purity Silica Obtained from Rice Husks
Y.E. Şımşek
Bilecik Şeyh Edebali University, Chemical and Process Engineering Department, Bilecik, Turkey
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Although SiO2 is produced mostly from mineral sources like quartz, it has recently been obtained from lignocellulosic natural resources, such as rice husk (hull). Several methods for extracting silica (SiO2) from rice husks are available in the literature. These methods are based essentially on heat treatment and/or extraction. This study represents a thorough account of heat treatment and acid-base extraction, to obtain silica from rice husks with a high purity and to eliminate other inorganic impurities. Rice husks, considered to be a potential silica source, were pretreated with various acids, base and water and then thermally degraded in a fixed bed reactor under an inert gas atmosphere (N2). The materials produced in these conditions were characterized by Brauner-Emmett-Teller analysis, for surface area and pore volume, by Fourier transform: infrared spectroscopy, powder X-ray diffraction, X-ray fluorescence, and scanning electron microscopy.

DOI: 10.12693/APhysPolA.132.1002
PACS numbers: 81.20.-n, 81.20.Ka, 81.40.-z