Experimental Study of Degradation Modes and Their Effects on Reliability of Photovoltaic Modules after 12 Years of Field Operation in the Steppe Region
M. Saadsaouda, A.H. Ahmeda, Z. Erb and Z. Rouabahc
aLaboratoire d'Automatique et Signaux de Annaba (LASA), University of Annaba, Algeria
bDepartment of Physics Engineering (13b), Faculty of Science and Letters, Istanbul Technical University, Istanbul, Turkey
cMaterials and electronic systems laboratory, University of Bordj Bou Arreridj, Algeria
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This paper presents an evaluation of the performance degradation of photovoltaic modules after twelve operation years in a steppe region environment in Algeria. The objective is to understand the different degradation modes of the photovoltaic modules and associated factors and their impact on the electrical properties (Voc, Isc, Vmax, Imax, Pmax and FF) using the degradation tests of IEC 61215 qualification standard and the electroluminescence test. The experimental results show that yearly degradation rates of the maximum power output Pmax present the highest possible loss, ranging from 2.08% to 5.2%. Additionally, the results show that the short-circuit current Isc comes second with yearly degradation rates spanning from 2.75% to 2.84%. Finally the open-circuit voltage Voc is the least affected, with yearly degradation occurring from 0.01% to 4.25%.

DOI: 10.12693/APhysPolA.132.930
PACS numbers: 88.40.-J, 88.40.H-, 88.40.FF