Effect of the Applied Current Density on the Structural and Magnetic Properties of the Electrodeposited Cobalt-Nickel Alloy Thin Films
R. Özdemır
Kilis 7 Aralık University, Vocational High School, Kilis, Turkey
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In this study, cobalt-nickel (Co-Ni) alloys were deposited electrochemically onto aluminum substrates under applied current densities of 103.8, 138.4, 173 and 207.6 A m-2. Influence of the applied current density on the structural and magnetic properties of the Co-Ni alloys was investigated. The bath for Co-Ni alloys deposition was composed of 0.08 mol l-1 CoSO4·7H2O, 0.2 mol l-1 NiCl2·6H2O, 0.1 mol l-1 NiSO4·6H2O and 0.25 mol l-1 H3BO3. The electrochemical investigation of Co-Ni alloys was completed using cyclic voltammetry and galvanostatic studies. Inductively coupled plasma analysis has shown that the amount of the cobalt in the deposited alloy has decreased from 73.61% to 67.01% with the increase of the applied current density from 103.8 to 207.6 A m-2. According to the magnetic analysis results, the values of coercivity coefficient of the deposited Co-Ni alloys range between 115 and 150 Oe, confirming ferromagnetic behavior of the alloys. Experiment results indicate that magnetic and structural properties of the Co-Ni alloy deposits are greatly influenced by the applied current density in the electrodeposition system.

DOI: 10.12693/APhysPolA.132.770
PACS numbers: 81.05.Bx, 81.40.Rs, 82.45.Qr, 81.15.Pq