Pack Siliconizing of Ti6Al4V Alloy
G. Celebi Efea,b, M. İpeka, C. Bindala,b and S. Zeytina
aSakarya University, Engineering Faculty, Department of Metallurgy and Materials Engineering, Esentepe Campus, 54187 Sakarya, Turkey
bSakarya University, Biomedical, Magnetic and Semi Conductive Materials Research Center (BIMAS-RC), Esentepe
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In this study, it was aimed to produce titanium silicide layer on Ti6Al4V by a simple, cheap and efficient method of pack siliconizing. Siliconizing was performed in a pack containing a mixture composed of SiO2 powder as siliconizing source, pure Al powder as a reducer for siliconizing, NH4Cl as an activator and Al2O3 powder as filler, at 1000°C for 8, 10 and 12 hours in open atmospheric furnace. Optical microscope and SEM-EDS studies indicate that the morphology of silicide layers has smooth, dense and layered nature. The presence of phases, confirmed by XRD analyses, reveals that the silicide layers formed at 1000°C are composed of TiSi2, Ti3Si5, TiN, TiO2 and SiO2 compounds. Silicide layer thickness was increased with increasing process time and ranged from 7.5 to 9.0 μm. Hardness of silicide layers, measured by Vickers indentation, is over 2100 HV.

DOI: 10.12693/APhysPolA.132.760
PACS numbers: 81.65.Lp, 81.65.-b