Cross-Drainage Culvert Design by Using GIS
M. Günal, M. Ay and A.Y. Günal
Uviversity of Gaziantep, Department of Civil Engineering, Gaziantep, Turkey
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A culvert is a structure that allows water to flow under a road, railroad, trail, or similar obstruction, from one side to the other side. Typically embedded, so as to be surrounded by soil, a culvert may be made from a pipe, reinforced concrete or other material. In order to minimize the impact of a water crossing on the environment, culverts require the proper size, design and installation, to ensure that they do not cause downstream erosion, upstream flood, alter stream habitat or block organism passage. In this study, the size of a box culvert has been determined by getting more realistic maximum flow rates, by using data of a geographic information system. The results of this study have been compared with the rational method. The size of the culvert, which is calculated by using data from geographic information system will be more realistic and efficient, compared to the culvert, calculated by rational method.

DOI: 10.12693/APhysPolA.132.595
PACS numbers: 92.40.FB, 92.40.QP, 07.05.MH