Problems Associated with Transferring of Engineering to Small Scale - Towards Theoretical Nanotechnology
J. Kaczmarek
Institute of Fluid-Flow Machinery, Polish Academy of Sciences, J. Fiszera 14, 80-231 GdaƄsk, Poland
Received: July 18, 2016
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This paper is seen as a review of attempts carried out by author in order to indicate problems related to transferring of engineering to smaller scales having in mind theoretical aspects. Two main problems are indicated. The first one is associated with question what kind of theory is appropriate for realization of design of devices and processes related to smaller scales including nanoscale. The second problem is related to determination of source of precision which is necessary for realization of the design. Solution of both problems needs elaboration of appropriate theories. One indicates that unified mechanics of materials based on collection of dynamical systems with dimensional reduction is appropriate for future realization of the design process. This is multi-scale description which unifies discrete models related to atomic scale, including molecular dynamics, and more averaged continuum descriptions. In order to determine corresponding source of precision for small scale processes the vacuum medium mechanics is introduced. Within vacuum medium mechanics we are able to determine attractor, expressed on the most fundamental elementary particle level, and responsible for self-organization manifested in molecular processes. Vacuum medium mechanics is considered as fundamental theory. Therefore we should estimate to what degree such a theory is stable with respect to large set of experimental results. In particular one investigates consequences of vacuum medium mechanics for theoretical biology. One accentuates that mechanisms of biological evolution and source of precision for nanotechnology expressed by means of vacuum medium mechanics are interrelated. Theoretical biology and nanotechnology should be described in consistent way in order to cooperate in a future. Both theories: unified mechanics of materials and vacuum medium mechanics are seen as basis for further development of theoretical nanotechnology.

DOI: 10.12693/APhysPolA.130.1295
PACS numbers: 31.10.+z, 12.60.-i, 12.90.+b, 14.80.-j, 87.10.-e