The Influence of Selected Organic Compounds on the Corrosion of Historical Glass Based on Their State of Preservation
E. Greiner-Wronowa and P. Świt
aAGH University of Science and Technology, Faculty of Materials Science and Ceramics, Department of Glass Technology and Amorphous Coatings, A. Mickiewicza 30, 30-059 Kraków, Poland
bJagiellonian University, Faculty of Chemistry, Department of Analytical Chemistry, R. Ingardena 3, 30-060 Krakow, Poland
Received: January 12, 2016
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The aim of this study was to investigate the influence of selected organic compounds such as acetic acid and formaldehyde on the historical glass objects of corrosion processes. This is a very important problem for the field of conservation and restoration of glass of art. Glass objects exhibited in museum display cases can be suffered by evaporating organic compounds which undergo to reaction with leached glass elements to create corrosion deposit on their surface. The proposed method called glass sensors has been used to identify results of impact of various external factors on the tested glass. Due to aggressive environment for the objects there created corrosion phenomena. Glass sensor were prepared as reproduced XVIII-cent. materials. The current studies were carried out by modern physico-chemical methods such as optical, metallography, scanning electron microscopy, inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry and the Fourier transform infrared spectrometry. These techniques allow to determine the composition of the corrosion layers as well as their structure. The issues raised in this work have been studied following an interdisciplinary approach. The information obtained by using different techniques provides a valuable source of knowledge about the chemical reactions taking place on the surface of the glass. The results derived from this work are useful for the design and implementation of exhibition recommendations and better planning of conservation tasks.

DOI: 10.12693/APhysPolA.130.1406
PACS numbers: 89.90.+n, 61.43.Fs, 07.60.Pb, 68.37.-d, 68.37.Hk, 81.70.-q, 07.07.Df, 07.75.+h, 81.40.Np