Prosumption in the Public Administration Sector
A. Jakimowicz a and D. Rzeczkowski b
aInstitute of Economics, Polish Academy of Sciences, Palace of Culture and Science, pl. Defilad 1, PL-00901 Warsaw, Poland
bDepartment of Quantitative Methods, Faculty of Economic Sciences, University of Warmia and Mazury in Olsztyn, M. Oczapowskiego 4, PL-10719 Olsztyn, Poland
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The aim of this article is to examine the possibility of implementing the rules of prosumption in the public administration sector in Poland. The level of development of the Polish e-Government system is far from satisfactory, taking into consideration comparatively narrow (regarding both type and range) set of public services provided on-line. A comprehensive method of public administration sector evaluation has not been worked out yet on the level of communes, though it is very useful because of the greatest innovative potential which has not been used so far. An assessment of a relatively deteriorating indicator of innovation in the public administration sector in Poland is impossible without going to the local level and analysing the situation in certain voivodeships, especially in the communes which are the main units of the local government. Prosumption is the main idea of a new economic school called wikinomics, it means blurring the difference between the producer or a service provider and the customer by including the latter to the processes of production of goods or supplying services. According to the article, prosumption in the public administration sector can be used in two ways. Firstly, it should be known to what extent internet sites of commune offices can be transformed into social innovative platforms which could show natural creativity of customers. Secondly, it is important to determine whether the main principles of prosumption, such as getting rid of control, peering and sharing the results, can be used in practical work of commune offices. This article is focused on the research of web pages issued by the local authorities. The possibility to use web pages as platforms to provide public service on-line is evaluated. Besides, the correspondence analysis was introduced, which helped to identify the innovative potential in the public administration sector and evaluate it paying special attention to the processes of prosumption. A rational expectations hypothesis allowed to explain the process of the appearance of systematic errors in interaction between a citizen and an official. It appeared that systematic errors result in perception gaps. Prosumption is the most successful mechanism for reduction of perception gaps.

DOI: 10.12693/APhysPolA.129.1011
PACS numbers: 89.65.Gh, 89.65.-s, 89.75.Fb