Effect of Hydrogen on the Stress Relaxation of Aged NiTi Shape Memory Alloys
W. Elkhal Letaief, T. Hassine and F. Gamaoun
Laboratory of Mechanics of Sousse, The National Engineering School of Sousse, University of Sousse, Hammam Maarouf, Sousse 4054, Tunisia
Full Text PDF
The susceptibility of the NiTi shape memory alloy to relaxation after the hydrogen charging in an aqueous solution has been investigated with respect to ageing during one to six days in air at room temperature. The orthodontic wires have been prepared by immersing in a 0.9% NaCl solution for 3 h, under applied current density of 10 A/m2 and then relaxed with an imposed deformation in a fully austenite state of structure and in a state with 1/3 and 2/3 of the martensite volume fraction. Through the stress relaxation, the hydrogen-charged specimen has shown a significant decrease of the stress, compared to the non-immersed alloy, when the imposed deformation was located in the plateau of the austenite-martensite transformation. It was also found that a longer ageing period is important and the properties of the wires with longer stress relaxation are similar to the those of non-charged wires. Nevertheless, no difference has been detected between the as-received and the as-charged specimens when the imposed deformation was located in the elastic deformation region of the fully austenitic structure. This behavior is attributed to the effect of the gradient of absorbed hydrogen, existing between the surface and the center axis of the studied wires, which facilitates the mobility of the martensite bands during the stress relaxation.

DOI: 10.12693/APhysPolA.129.714
PACS numbers: 62.20.FG, 88.30.EM, 87.85.JJ