Modification of Commercial Activated Carbons for CO2 Adsorption
J. Sreńscek-Nazzal, U. Narkiewicz, A.W. Morawski, R. Wróbel, A. Gęsikiewicz-Puchalska and B. Michalkiewicz
The West Pomeranian University of Technology in Szczecin, Institute of Chemical and Environment Engineering, K. Pułaskiego 10, 70-322 Szczecin, Poland
Received: July 3, 2015; In final form: December 10, 2015
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The aim of the investigations was a modification of DTO, a commercial activated carbon (AC), to improve CO2 adsorption capacity. The adsorption of CO2 up to 40 bar at 40°C temperature was investigated. The volumetric method was applied for CO2 adsorption isotherm measurements. The starting material - DTO - was modified using chemical activation (KOH, ZnCl2, K2CO3). The textural parameters of all the ACs were determined by nitrogen adsorption at the liquid nitrogen temperature of -196°C on Quadrasorb SI. Results showed that the AC modified with KOH had the highest SBET, Vtot, Vmic values of 2063 m2/g, 1.13 cm3/g, and 0.67 cm3/g, respectively. ACs with a wider pore size distribution (from micropores to mesopores) were obtained. The maximum CO2 adsorption was equal to 14.44 mmol/g for DTO/KOH - modified carbon whereas 8.07 mmol/g of CO2 was adsorbed at DTO. The CO2 adsorption capacities of the ACs were found to be closely correlated with the BET surface areas of the materials tested. The experimental data was fitted to the Freundlich, Langmuir, Sips and Toth equations to determine the model isotherm. The Sips model was found to be the best for fitting the adsorption of CO2.

DOI: 10.12693/APhysPolA.129.394
PACS numbers: 81.05.U-, 68.43.-h