Materials Research on Archaeological Objects Using PIXE and Other Non-Invasive Techniques
E.A. Miśtaa, A. Stonert a, A. Korman a, J.J. Milczarek a, I. Fijał-Kirejczyk a, P. Kalbarczyk b and A. Wiśniewska c
aNational Centre for Nuclear Research, A. Sołtana 7, 05-400 Otwock-Świerk, Poland
bInstitute of Nuclear Chemistry and Technology, Warsaw, Poland
cAntiquity of Southeastern Europe Research Centre, University of Warsaw, Warsaw, Poland
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An interdisciplinary study of metallic objects from selected archaeological sites in Poland was performed. The aim of the project was to obtain information about the chemical composition and structural changes of the objects. Furthermore, the research results provided information about the technological process which was used to manufacture the artifacts. The materials research had a non- and micro-invasive character which is very important in this type of investigation. The main experimental tools were particle-induced X-ray emission supplemented with nuclear reaction thermal neutron (white beam) radiography, scanning electron microscopy with X-ray energy dispersive analysis, and laser ablation inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry techniques. The results show that the artifacts were made by a secondary smelting process used in local metallurgy manufactures.

DOI: 10.12693/APhysPolA.128.815
PACS numbers: 81.05.Bx, 82.80.Ej, 82.80.Dx, 82.80.Ms, 82.80.Pv