Atom Probe Tomography Investigations of Modified Early Stage Clustering in Si-Containing Aluminum Alloys
S. Pogatschera, S.S.A. Gerstl b, J.F. Löffler a and P.J. Uggowitzer a
aLaboratory of Metal Physics and Technology, Department of Materials, ETH Zurich, Switzerland
bScientific Center of Optical and Electron Microscopy, ETH Zurich, Switzerland
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In this paper atom probe tomography is used to explore early stage clustering in aluminum alloys. Two novel concepts for a modification of clustering are discussed. Control of early stage clustering is welcome from an application point of view since clustering deteriorates strength evolution during the industrial heat treatment of the important class of Al-Mg-Si precipitation-hardenable alloys. Nanoscale early stage clusters are very difficult to observe and atom probe tomography is the best technique to visualize and chemically measure Si or Mg-containing clusters in aluminum alloys. Restrictions remain in achieving the ultimate quantification of such small solute aggregates by atom probe tomography, such as detection efficiency, local magnification effects, surface migration of solute atoms, and unresolved issues with the reconstruction procedure. Here we investigate one of these restricting effects, namely the migration of solute atoms during atom probe tomography measurements. In particular Si is found to be preferentially localized or absent at certain crystallographic poles in aluminum, which derogates the experimental results gained from atom probe tomography studies of clustering in Si-containing aluminum alloys. This artifact is investigated for different specimen temperatures, detection rates and pulse fractions during atom probe tomography measurements. Optimal strategies to analyze small-scale solute clusters in Si-containing aluminum alloys are presented.

DOI: 10.12693/APhysPolA.128.643
PACS numbers: 64.70.kd, 61.72.-y, 81.40.Gh