Porous Ceramic Supports for Membranes Prepared from Kaolin (DD3) and Calcite Mixtures
A. Harabia, B. Boudairaa,b, F. Bouzeraraa, L. Foughalia, F. Zenikheria, A. Guechia, B. Ghouila, S. Condomc
aCeramics Laboratory, Physics Department, Faculty of Exact Science, Constantine University 1, Constantine 25000, Algeria
bDepartment of Matter Sciences, Faculty of Exact Science & SNV, Biskra University, Biskra 7000, Algeria
cInstitut Européen des Membranes, UMR 5635 CNRS ENSCM UMII, 1919 Route de Mende, 34293 Montpellier Cedex 5, France
Full Text PDF
The supports for microfiltration (MF) and ultrafiltration (UF) were prepared with local kaolin (Djebel Debagh: type 3: DD3) and calcium carbonate (CaCO3) mixtures. The choice of these materials is based on their natural abundance (low price). In this work, the tubular ceramic supports were prepared by the extrusion method. The sintering was carried out for 2 hours, at temperatures laying between 1150 and 1300°C. They are then characterized by various techniques: mercury porosimetry, scanning electron microscopy and x-ray diffraction. The obtained results revealed that the main phase formed during the sintering step was anorthite with a minor phase of mullite. Moreover, it has been found that supports sintered at temperatures less than 1300°C had interesting characteristics; An average pore size ranged between 3.91-8.56 μm, a porosity ratio of 42.0-50.4%, a flexural strength ≈67-77 MPa and the pore size distribution is bimodal type. According to their average pore sizes, they may be used either as supports for MF or UF membranes.

DOI: 10.12693/APhysPolA.127.1164
PACS numbers: 81.05.Rm, 81.05.Je, 81.20.Hy, 81.05.Bx