The Effect of Yttrium Oxide Reinforcement on the Microstructural and Mechanical Properties of Biologically Derived Hydroxyapatite
Y. Bozkurta, H. Gokceb, S. Pazarliogluc, S. Salmand
aMarmara University, Technology Faculty, Metallurgy and Materials Engineering Department, 34722, Istanbul, Turkey
bIstanbul Technical University, Prof. Dr. Adnan Tekin Material Science & Production Technologies Applied Research Center, 34469, Istanbul, Turkey
cMarmara University, Technical Education Faculty, Metal Education Department, 34722, Istanbul, Turkey
dMehmet Akif Ersoy University, Faculty of Engineering & Architecture, Mechanical Engineering Department, 15100, Burdur, Turkey
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In the present study, hydroxyapatite used as a matrix material was derived from the femur bones of Meleagris gallapova (MGHA) and then reinforced with yttriyum oxide (Y2O3, 5 and 10 wt.%). Then samples pelleted at 350 MPa were sintered between 900 and 1300°C. Finally, the effect of Y2O3 reinforcement on the microstructural and mechanical properties of MGHA was investigated. Scanning electron microscope (SEM) and X-ray diffraction (XRD) patterns were used for microstructural examinations. Density, microhardness and compressive strengths of composites were used to analyze their mechanical properties. Experimental results show that mechanical properties of composites were enhanced by increasing the temperature. The optimum results were obtained for MGHA-10% Y2O3 composites sintered at 1200°C.

DOI: 10.12693/APhysPolA.127.1403
PACS numbers: 87.85.jf