Optical and Scintillation Properties of Bi4(GexS1-x)3O12 Single Crystal
X.-F. Xiaoa,b,c, J.-Y. Xub, B.-L. Lu b, W. Cai a, Y. Zhang b, H. Shen b, B.-B. Yang b and W.-D. Xiang a
aSchool of Materials Science and Engineering, Tongji University, Shanghai 201804, P.R. China
bSchool of Materials Science and Engineering, Shanghai Institute of Technology, Shanghai 201418, P.R. China
cDepartment of Fundamental Science, Beifang University of Nationalities, Yinchuan 750021, P.R. China
Received: February 9, 2014; In final form: December 1, 2014
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The solid solution crystals, Bi4(GexSi1-x)3O12 (BGSO) with x=0, 0.05, and 0.15, have been grown by the modified vertical Bridgman method. The as-grown crystals show 80% of transmittance with an absorption edge of 285 nm. The relative light yields of BGSO crystals are found to be 7.2%, 6.3%, and 4.2% of CsI(Tl) crystal for x=0, 0.05, and 0.15, respectively. The energy resolutions of these crystals are 18.9%, 21.3%, and 24.7%, respectively, with PMT for 662 keV gamma rays at room temperature when exposed to 137Cs γ -ray. The scintillation performance of BGSO crystals clearly deteriorates with the increase of Ge content. However, the appropriate number of germanium ions doped to BSO crystal can improve its crystallization behavior and effectively restrain component segregation. It is expected that large size crystals of BGSO will be grown and applied to the dual readout calorimeter in the nearest future.

DOI: 10.12693/APhysPolA.127.854
PACS numbers: 81.10.Fq, 61.05.C-, 78.20.Ci, 78.70.Ps