Ground State, Magnetization Process, and Magnetocaloric Effect of the Exactly Tractable Spin-Electron Tetrahedral Chain
L. Gálisováa and J. Strečka
aDepartment of Applied Mathematics and Informatics, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Technical University, Letná 9, 042 00 Košice, Slovak Republic
bDepartment of Theoretical Physics and Astrophysics, Faculty of Science, P. J. Šafárik University, Park Angelinum 9, 040 01 Košice, Slovak Republic
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A hybrid spin-electron system on one-dimensional tetrahedral chain, in which the localized Ising spin regularly alternates with the mobile electron delocalized over three lattice sites, is exactly investigated using the generalized decoration-iteration transformation. The system exhibits either the ferromagnetic or antiferromagnetic ground state depending on whether the ferromagnetic or antiferromagnetic interaction between the Ising spins and mobile electrons is considered. The enhanced magnetocaloric effect during the adiabatic demagnetization suggests a potential use of the investigated system for low-temperature magnetic refrigeration.

DOI: 10.12693/APhysPolA.127.216
PACS numbers: 75.10.Pq, 75.60.Ej, 75.30.Sg, 05.50.+q