Impedance and Scattering Variance Ratios of Complicated Wave Scattering Systems in the Low Loss Regime
J.-H. Yeha, Z. Drikasb, J. Gil Gilb, S. Hongb, B.T. Taddesea, E. Otta, T.M. Antonsena, T. Andreadisb and S.M. Anlagea
aUniversity of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742, USA
bU.S. Naval Research Laboratory, Washington, DC 20375, USA
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Random matrix theory successfully predicts universal statistical properties of complicated wave scattering systems in the semiclassical limit, while the random coupling model offers a complete statistical model with a simple additive formula in terms of impedance to combine the predictions of random matrix theory and nonuniversal system-specific features. The statistics of measured wave properties generally have nonuniversal features. However, ratios of the variances of elements of the impedance matrix are predicted to be independent of such nonuniversal features and thus should be universal functions of the overall system loss. In contrast with impedance variance ratios, scattering variance ratios depend on nonuniversal features unless the system is in the high loss regime. In this paper, we present numerical tests of the predicted universal impedance variance ratios and show that an insufficient sample size can lead to apparent deviation from the theory, particularly in the low loss regime. Experimental tests are carried out in three two-port microwave cavities with varied loss parameters, including a novel experimental system with a superconducting microwave billiard, to test the variance-ratio predictions in the low loss time-reversal-invariant regime. It is found that the experimental results agree with the theoretical predictions to the extent permitted by the finite sample size.

DOI: 10.12693/APhysPolA.124.1045
PACS numbers: 05.45.Mt, 24.60.-k, 42.25.Dd, 78.20.Bh