Improvement of Efficiency in CdS Quantum Dots Sensitized Solar Cellsx
S. Wageha, b, c, A.A. Al-Ghamdia, c, M. Soylud, Y. Al-Turkie, W. El Shirbeenya, c and F. Yakuphanoglua, f, c
aDepartment of Physics, Faculty of Science, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah 21589, Saudi Arabia
bPhysics and Engineering Mathematics Department, Faculty of Electronic Engineering, Menoufia University, Menouf 32952, Egypt
cAdvances in Composites, Synthesis and Applications Group, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudia Arabia
dDepartment of Physics, Faculty of Sciences and Arts, Bingol University, Bingol, Turkey
eDepartment of Electrical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudia Arabia
fDepartment of Physics, Faculty of Science, Firat University, Elazig 23169, Turkey
Received: July 1, 2013; In final form: August 5, 2013
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CdS quantum dots were coated on TiO2 layer by successive ionic layer adsorption and reaction method. An efficient photovoltaic energy conversion and significant quantum-size effect were observed. The magnitude of the short-circuit photocurrent density JSC was found to be approximately 6.01 mA/cm2 for graphene oxide-incorporated CdS/TiO2 solar cell, while the JSC of only CdS-sensitized solar cells was lower than 4.40 mA/cm2. The efficiency of the CdS/TiO2 solar cell with a graphene oxide layer containing CdS QDs was 60% higher than that of the CdS/TiO2 solar cell. The cell efficiency was remarkably improved with the graphene oxide-incorporation. The carrier recombination of the QDs sensitized solar cells based on CdS-coated TiO2 was significantly suppressed due to photogenerated charge carrier transports resulting from the presence of graphene oxide.

DOI: 10.12693/APhysPolA.124.750
PACS numbers: 85.35.Be, 88.40.hj, 72.80.Vp, 68.47.Gh