The Porosity Evaluation during ECAP in Aluminium PM Alloy
J. Bidulskáa, T. Kvačkaja, R. Bidulskýb and M. Actis Grandeb
aDepartment of Metals Forming, Faculty of Metallurgy, Technical University of Košice, Letná 9, 042 00 Košice, Slovakia
bPolitecnico di Torino, Sede di Alessandria, 15 100, T. Michel, 5, Alessandria, Italy
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The main aim of this paper is to show porosity evolution during application of various processing conditions including pressing, sintering and equal channel angular pressure. An aluminium based powder (Al-Mg-Si-Cu-Fe) was used as investigated material. After applying different pressing pressures (400 and 600 MPa), specimens were dewaxed in a ventilated furnace at 400°C for 60 min. Sintering was carried out in a vacuum furnace at 610°C for 30 min. The specimens were processed by single equal channel angular pressure pass. A significant disadvantage of powder metallurgy processing methods is the presence of porosity. Pores act as crack initiators and, due to their presence, the distribution of stress is inhomogeneous across the cross-section and leads to reduction of the effective load bearing area. The equal channel angular pressure process, causing stress distribution in deformed specimens, made the powder particles to squeeze together to such an extent that the initially interconnected pores transform: to small isolated pores. The proposed safety diagram includes the combined effect of stress and strain behaviour during equal channel angular pressure. The "safety line" eliminates and quantifies the effect of large pores as a potential fracture initiation sites with respect to the mechanical viewpoint.
DOI: 10.12693/APhysPolA.122.553
PACS numbers: 81.05.Bx, 81.07.Bc, 81.20.Ev, 81.40.-z