Studies of Phase Diagram of a Liquid Crystal with 4-[2-(3-Fluoro-phenyl)ethyl]bi-phenyl Core of Molecules
Ł. Koleka, M. Massalska-Arodźa, D. Majdab, B. Wantusiakc, S. Zalewskic and P. Kulad
aInstitute of Nuclear Physics, Polish Academy of Sciences, E. Radzikowskiego 152, 31-342 Kraków, Poland
bFaculty of Chemistry, Jagiellonian University, R. Ingardena 3, 30-060 Kraków, Poland
cInstitute of Chemistry, Siedlce University of Natural Sciences and Humanities, 3-go Maja 54, 08-110 Siedlce, Poland
dInstitute of Chemistry, Military University of Technology, S. Kaliskiego 2, 00-908 Warszawa, Poland
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Basing on the results of differential scanning calorimetry and transmitted light intensity methods and texture observations in the temperature range from - 50°C to 90°C phase diagram of 1-[3-fluoro-4-(1-methyl-heptyloxy-carbonyl)phenyl]-2-[4'-(2,2,3,3,4,4,4-hepta-fluoro-butoxy-butoxy)bi-phenyl-4-yl]ethane was established. Monotropic system of thermodynamic phases was found. On cooling the isotropic phase transforms at 85°C to ferroelectric SmC* phase and further two liquid crystalline phases, antiferroelectric SmC*A and SmI, and a metastable crystal Cr2 reveal. During heating exothermic anomaly in the wide temperature range was observed and ascribed to evolution of Cr2 to the stable crystal Cr1. On further heating both SmC*A and SmC* phases were observed. Thermodynamic parameters were calculated for all phase transitions. During rapid cooling (10 K/min) vitrification of metastable Cr2 crystal at Tg = - 115°C was registered.
DOI: 10.12693/APhysPolA.122.370
PACS numbers: 64.70.M-, 62.20.Jk