Structural and Optical Characterizations of Ge Nanostructures Fabricated by RF Magnetron Sputtering and Rapid Thermal Processing
A.F. Abd Rahima, b, M.R. Hashima, M. Rusopc and M.M. Jumidalia, d
aNano-Optoelectronics Research Laboratory, School of Physics, Universiti Sains Malaysia, 11800-Penang, Malaysia
bFaculty of Electrical Engineering, Universiti Teknologi MARA, 13500 Permatang Pauh, Pulau Pinang, Malaysia
cFaculty of Electrical Engineering, Universiti Teknologi MARA, 40450 Shah Alam, Selangor, Malaysia
dDepartment of Applied Science, Universiti Teknologi MARA, 13500 Permatang Pauh, Pulau Pinang, Malaysia
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In this work, we use a simple and cost effective technique of sputtering followed by the rapid thermal processing at 900°C for 30 s to form: Ge nanostructures on the Si(100) substrate. A layer of Ge (300 nm) and Si cap layer (100 nm) were deposited using RF magnetron sputtering. Two samples were prepared: Ge layer with Si capping (Si/Ge/Si) and Ge layer without Si capping (Ge/Si). Scanning electron microscopy shows that subsequent annealing in a rapid thermal processing gives uniformed Ge or SiGe islands with an estimated size of 100-500 nm. For the Ge/Si sample, under post growth annealing there had vanished the deposited Ge layer as confirmed by energy dispersive X-ray analysis. Atomic force microscopy shows that the surface roughness increases by a factor of 15.55% as the islands formed. The Raman spectrum shows that good crystalline structures of the Ge and SiGe peaks are produced. High resolution X-ray diffraction reveals cubic and tetragonal Ge phases with estimated average crystallite sizes of 42 nm and 20 nm, respectively. The results showed that it is possible to grow high quality Ge and SiGe nanostructures using a simple technique of sputtering for potential applications in photonics and high speed devices.
DOI: 10.12693/APhysPolA.121.16
PACS numbers:, 68.60.Dv, 61.46.Hk, 78.67.Bf, 61.05.C-