Synthesis and Characterization of Au-Zn Nanoalloy by Laser Irradiation in Liquid Media
F. Hajiesmaeilbaigia, M. Fazeli Jadidib and A. Motamedia
aLaser & Optics Research School, NSTRI, P.O. Box 11365, 8486 Tehran, Iran
bDepartment of Science, Faculty of Physics, University of Zanjan, Zanjan, Iran
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Alloy nanoparticles due to their possibility of regulation, the region of absorption peak and consequently their optical and electrical properties, have a specific significance. In this research, nanosecond laser pulses of Nd:YAG laser with 532 nm wavelength that is close to absorption peak of gold and zinc nanoparticles, were used for synthesis of alloy. Atomic absorption spectrum UV-Visible, X-ray diffraction analysis and transmission electron microscopy images were utilized for characterization as well. For synthesis of Au-Zn alloy nanoparticles, zinc and gold nanoparticles were prepared separately by laser ablation method and then the mixture of their colloidal solutions with specified ratio was exposed to laser radiation. Thereby, gold and zinc nanoparticles were combined by absorbing of laser beam and gaining of required energy for melting, and Au-Zn alloy nanoparticles were formed. Wavelength of 532 nm is more effective in the formation of alloy than 1064 nm because of being close to wavelength of surface plasmon resonance of gold and zinc nanoparticles. Increase of concentration of gold nanoparticles compared to zinc nanoparticles in the mixed solution causes that gold nanoparticles absorb the most of the energy of laser and then larger gold particles are created, so alloy nanoparticles are not formed. The best time duration for irradiation and accomplishment of alloy formation is 30 min.
DOI: 10.12693/APhysPolA.121.59
PACS numbers: 81.16.Mk