Location and Identification of Acoustic Signals Recorded in Power Oil Transformers within the Band of 20-180 kHz
A. Olszewska and F. Witos
Department of Optoelectronics, Silesian University of Technology, B. Krzywoustego 2, 44-100 Gliwice, Poland
Full Text PDF
Emission acoustic signals, recorded in investigated power oil transformers, have been analyzed in the time, frequency and time-frequency domain. Analysis of each signal has been started by filtration within selected frequency band and subsequently the following quantities have been calculated: spectral power density, phase-time characteristic, averaging phase-time characteristic, short-time Fourier transform: spectrograms, signal amplitude distributions, descriptors with acronyms ADC and ADP and thereafter maps of descriptors on lateral walls of transformers can be carried out. Frequency bands applied in order to filtration have been chosen in such a way so that signals coming from different sources (among other things from partial discharges, Barkhausen's effect, oil circulation and outer acoustic disturbances) can be differentiated. The sources have been localized using maps of descriptors calculated for selected frequency bands. The fundamental properties of obtained signals have been determined. Such properties describe: partial discharges, Barkhausen's acoustic effect and other acoustic interferences.
DOI: 10.12693/APhysPolA.120.709
PACS numbers: 52.80.-s, 77.22.Jp, 84.70.+p, 43.40.Le, 43.60.Lq