Carbon Monolith Surface Chemistry Influence on the Silver Deposit Amount and Crystallite Size
M. Vukčevića, A. Kalijadis b, Z. Jovanović b, Z. Laušević b and M. Laušević a
aFaculty of Technology and Metallurgy, University of Belgrade, 11000 Belgrade, Serbia
bLaboratory of Physics, Vinca Institute of Nuclear Sciences, P.O. Box 522, 11001 Belgrade, Serbia
Full Text PDF
The surface of carbon monolith (CM) was chemically treated in order to obtain antibacterial filters with silver deposit for water treatment. The chemical treatment involved submerging the as-received CM in HNO3, KOH and H2O2 solution. The specific surface area was examined by N2 adsorption. Silver deposition at the surface of CM samples was performed using cheap and simple procedure of immersing CM samples in aqueous solution of AgNO3. Temperature programmed desorption method has been used in order to investigate the nature and thermal stability of surface oxygen groups before and after silver deposition. The composition and crystalinity of silver deposits have been examined by X-ray diffraction. Chemical treatment does not cause any drastic changes of CM specific surface area, but increases a total amount of surface oxides. Amount of deposited silver is several times higher for all chemically treated samples. The results show that increasing the amount of CO yielding groups on CM surface leads to increased amount of Ag deposit and decreases its crystallite sizes
DOI: 10.12693/APhysPolA.120.284
PACS numbers: 81.05.U-, 81.65.-b, 68.35.Dv, 81.15.-z