Thermal Microwave Radiation for Subsurface Absolute Temperature Measurement
W. Susek
Institute of Radioelectronics, Faculty of Electronics, Military University of Technology, S. Kaliskiego 2, 00-908 Warsaw, Poland
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Problems related to thermal radiation of human bodies in the microwave range are presented in the paper from medical diagnosis point of view. The paper reviews physical principles of thermal radiation measurement at microwave frequencies. A design of a modulation type radiometer with both zero reading and compensation of influence of the reflectivity is presented in the paper. On the base of this design, requirements for absolute temperature measurement conditions in the lossy and homogeneous medium were found. It is worth noting that these demands do not need any limitations for environmental parameters, especially for their stability during measurement (ambient temperature stability). At the end, experimental results of the measurements carried out with the use of the microwave radiometer operating in the 1.5 GHz band are shown.
DOI: 10.12693/APhysPolA.118.1246
PACS numbers: 87.63.Hg, 44.40.+a, 84.40.Dc, 07.57.Hm