One-Electron Excitations vs. Collective Excitations in the 1D Falicov-Kimball Model with Hund Coupling at Half Filling
J. Wrzodak and R. Lemański
Institute of Low Temperature and Structure Research, Polish Academy of Sciences, Okólna 2, 50-422 Wrocław, Poland
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The Falicov-Kimball model enriched with Ising-type Hund coupling between spins of itinerant electrons and magnetic ions is studied exactly on finite 1D rings. At half filling (one electron per site) and for the density of magnetic ions equal to 1/2 it is shown that many-electron collective excitations coupled to spin reorientations of the magnetic ions have much lower energy than single electron excitations. This property is caused by energy gaps formed at the Fermi levels in one-electron energy spectra of all relevant magnetic configurations of the ions. Consequently, low temperature properties of the system are not driven by one-particle, elementary electron excitations but many-particle collective excitations, where both electrons and spins of magnetic ions are involved. In addition, it is shown that many-body excitation spectra derived both from spin fluctuations and from charge fluctuations have a regular structure.
DOI: 10.12693/APhysPolA.118.366
PACS numbers: 71.10.Fd, 71.10.Li, 75.10.-b