Quantum Cascade Laser Design for Tunable Output at Characteristic Wavelengths in the Mid-Infrared Spectral Range
A. Daničića, J. Radovanovićb, V. Milanovićb, D. Indjinc and Z. Ikonićc
a "Vinča" Institute of Nuclear Sciences, PO Box 522, Belgrade, Serbia
b Faculty of Electrical Engineering, University of Belgrade, Serbia
c Institute of Microwave and Photonics, School of Electronic and Electrical Engineering, University of Leeds, UK
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We present a method for systematic optimization of quantum cascade laser active region, based on the use of the genetic algorithm. The method aims at obtaining a gain-maximized structure, designed to emit radiation at specified wavelengths suitable for direct absorption by pollutant gasses present in the ambient air. After the initial optimization stage, we introduce a strong external magnetic field to tune the laser output properties and to slightly modify the emission wavelength to match the absorption lines of additional compounds. The magnetic field is applied perpendicularly to the epitaxial layers, thus causing two-dimensional continuous energy subbands to split into series of discrete Landau levels. This affects all the relevant relaxation processes in the structure and consequently the lifetime of carriers in the upper laser level. Furthermore, strong effects of band nonparabolicity result in subtle changes of the lasing wavelength at magnetic fields which maximize the gain, thus providing a path for fine-tuning of the output radiation properties. Numerical results are presented for GaAs/AlxGa1-xAs based quantum cascade laser structures designed to emit at particular wavelengths in the mid-infrared part of the spectrum.
DOI: 10.12693/APhysPolA.117.772
PACS numbers: 72.10.-d, 73.21.Fg