Electromagnetically Induced Transparency in a Double Well Atomic Josephson Junction
J.O. Weatherall
Department of Logic and Philosophy of Science, University of California Irvine, 3151 Social Science Plaza A, Irvine, CA 92697, USA
and C.P. Search
Department of Physics and Engineering Physics, Stevens Institute of Technology, Castle Point on Hudson, Hoboken, NJ 07030, USA
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Electromagnetically induced transparency is an important tool for controlling light propagation and nonlinear wave mixing in atomic gases with potential applications ranging from quantum computing to table top tests of general relativity. Here we consider electromagnetically induced transparency in an atomic Bose-Einstein condensate trapped in a double well potential. One well is prepared as in standard electromagnetically induced transparency with a weak probe laser and control laser in a Λp configuration while tunneling between the wells provides a coherent coupling between identical electronic states in the two wells leading to the formation of spatially delocalized inter well dressed states. The macroscopic inter well coherence of the Bose-Einstein condensate wave function qualitatively modifies the normal electromagnetically induced transparency linear susceptibility and leads to the formation of additional absorption resonances and larger dispersion than electromagnetically induced transparency. We show that these new resonances can be interpreted in terms of the inter well dressed states and the formation of a novel type of dark state involving the control laser and the inter well tunneling.
DOI: 10.12693/APhysPolA.116.455
PACS numbers: 42.50.Gy, 03.75.Lm