Infrared Detectors for the Future
A. Rogalski
Institute of Applied Physics, Military University of Technology, S. Kaliskiego 2, 00-908 Warsaw, Poland
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In the paper, fundamental and technological issues associated with the development and exploitation of the most advanced infrared detector technologies are discussed. In this class of detectors both photon and thermal detectors are considered. Special attention is directed to HgCdTe ternary alloys on silicon, type-II superlattices, uncooled thermal bolometers, and novel uncooled micromechanical cantilever detectors. Despite serious competition from alternative technologies and slower progress than expected, HgCdTe is unlikely to be seriously challenged for high performance applications, applications requiring multispectral capability and fast response. However, the nonuniformity is a serious problem in the case of LWIR and VLWIR HgCdTe detectors. In this context, it is predicted that type-II superlattice system seems to be an alternative to HgCdTe in long wavelength spectral region. In well established uncooled imaging, VOx microbolometer arrays are clearly the most used technology. In spite of successful commercialization of uncooled microbolometers, the infrared community is still searching for a platform: for thermal imagers that combine affordability, convenience of operation, and excellent performance. Recent advances in microelectromechanical systems have led to the development of uncooled IR detectors operating as micromechanical thermal detectors. Between them the most important are biomaterial microcantilevers.
DOI: 10.12693/APhysPolA.116.389
PACS numbers: 42.79.Pw, 07.57.Kp, 73.21.Cd, 78.67.Pt, 79.60.Jv