Charge and Spin Density Perturbation on Iron Nuclei by Non-Magnetic Impurities Substituted on the Iron Sites in α-Fe
A. Błachowski
Mössbauer Spectroscopy Division, Institute of Physics, Pedagogical University, Podchorążych 2, PL-30-084 Kraków, Poland
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Received: 08 06 2008
The paper is aimed at the review of the charge and spin density perturbation on the iron nucleus in the bcc iron-based binary alloys containing as the impurity either 4d (Nb, Mo, Ru, Rh, Pd) or 5d (Os, Ir, Au) metals. Additionally, Ga was used as such impurity as well. Measurements were performed by means of the 57Fe transmission Mössbauer spectroscopy at room temperature. Powder X-ray diffraction data for alloys investigated show linear dependence of the lattice constant versus impurity concentration. The Mössbauer data were treated assuming random distribution of the impurity over the iron sites and additive effect for the charge density perturbation, and additive in the algebraic sense effect for the corresponding spin density perturbation. Hence, the effect of impurity depends solely on the distance between impurity and the iron nucleus under above assumptions. It has been found that impurities being further away than a third or in some cases as the second neighbor do not contribute directly to the charge and spin perturbation. On the other hand, they have usually some minor effect on the average charge and spin density. Generally, the perturbation to either charge or spin density has some oscillatory character versus distance from the impurity. The phase and period of the charge oscillation is vastly different from the phase and period of the spin oscillation in the majority of cases. Substitution of the impurities with the increasing number of 4d or 5d electrons leads to the lowering of the electron density on the iron nucleus and causes decreased band spin density on this nucleus. Subsequent impurities donate more and more d-type electrons to the band, and the latter screen more and more effectively s-like electrons. Hence, the density of the s-like electrons on the iron nucleus diminishes. Impurities with 5d electrons have generally stronger effect on the charge and spin density perturbation than impurities with 4d electrons.
DOI: 10.12693/APhysPolA.114.1563
PACS numbers: 75.50.Bb, 76.80.+y