Positron Lifetimes in Zirconia-Based Nanomaterials
I. Procházka a, J. Čížek a, J. Kuriplach a, O. Melikhova a, T.E. Konstantinova b and I.A. Danilenko b
a Charles University in Prague, Faculty of Mathematics and Physics, Department of Low Temperature Physics, V Holesovickach 2, 180 00 Praha 8, Czech Republic
b Galkin Donetsk Institute for Physics and Engineering, National Academy of Science of Ukraine, Luxemburg Str., 83114 Donetsk, Ukraine
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Received: 3 09 2007;
Positron lifetime spectroscopy is employed in a comparative study of several zirconia-based materials: (i) the pressure-compacted nanopowders of the three zirconia polymorphs - pure ZrO2 (monoclinic), yttria-stabilized ZrO2+3 mol.% Y2O3 (tetragonal) and yttria-stabilized ZrO2+8 mol.% Y2O3 (cubic), (ii) ceramic materials obtained by sintering of the above two yttria-stabilized zirconia nanopowders and (iii) the tetragonal and cubic yttria-stabilized zirconia monocrystals. Positron lifetime data observed on the nanopowders suggest that the two shortest components, exhibiting lifetimes of ≈180 and ≈370 ps, arise from the annihilation of positrons trapped in defects associated with grain boundaries, presumably the vacancy-like defects and tripple points, respectively. Positron lifetime spectra observed on the ceramic materials resemble those found for the corresponding monocrystals, giving thus an additional support to the above interpretation of the nanopowders results.
DOI: 10.12693/APhysPolA.113.1495
PACS numbers: 78.70.Bj, 61.46.Hk, 81.05.Je, 81.07.Wx