Singular Pretransitional Behavior of the Electric Field-Dependent Part of the Thermodynamic Quantities of Strongly Polar Mesogenic Liquids in the Isotropic Phase
J. Jadżyna, J.-L. Déjardinb and G. Czechowskia
aInstitute of Molecular Physics, Polish Academy of Sciences, M. Smoluchowskiego 17, 60-179 Poznań, Poland
bGroupe de Physique Statistique et Moléculaire, MEPS, Université de Perpignan, 52 Avenue Paul Alduy, 66860 Perpignan Cedex, France
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Received: 13 04 2007;
A new interpretation of the pretransitional temperature behavior of the static dielectric permittivity and its derivative in terms of the basic thermodynamic quantities: the internal energy, the entropy, and the Helmholtz free energy is presented. It was shown that in the case of strongly polar mesogenic compounds (as the homologous series of alkylcyanobiphenyls) the electric field-induced increments of both the internal energy and the entropy exhibit a critical-like temperature dependence in the vicinity of transition from the isotropic liquid to the nematic phase. As a most important pretransitional effect, it is shown that at a temperature of about 10 degrees before the phase transition, an electric field applied to the isotropic liquids induces an increase in the entropy (Δ S>0) instead of its decrease, as observed far from the phase transition or for the non-mesogenic dipolar liquids.
DOI: 10.12693/APhysPolA.111.877
PACS numbers: 64.70.Md, 65.40.Gr, 77.22.Ch