Cold Atomic Gases in Optical Lattices with Disorder
T. Schultea, S. Drenkelfortha, J. Krusea, W. Ertmera, J.J. Arlta, A. Kantianb,c, L. Sanchez-Palenciab,h, L. Santose, A. Sanperab,f, K. Sachag, P. Zollerc, M. Lewensteinb,h and J. Zakrzewskig
aInstitut für Quantenoptik, Universität Hannover, 30167 Hannover, Germany
bInstitut für Theoretische Physik, Universität Hannover, 30167 Hannover, Germany
cInstitute of Theoretical Physics, Universität Innsbruck, Technikerstr. 25, 6020 Innsbruck, Austria
dLaboratoire Charles Fabry, Institut d'Optique, Universitée Paris-Sud XI, 91403 Orsay cedex, France
eInstitut für Theoretische Physik III, Pfaffenwaldring 57, 70550 Stuttgart, Germany
fDepartment of Physics, Theoretical Physics Group, Universidas Autonoma Barcelona, 08193 Bellaterra, Spain
gInstytut Fizyki Mariana Smoluchowskiego, Uniwersytet Jagielloński, 30-059 Kraków, Poland
hInstitut de Ciències Fotòniques, 08034 Barcelona, Spain
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Received: 19 05 2005;
Cold atomic gases placed in optical lattices enable studies of simple condensed matter theory models with parameters that may be tuned relatively easily. When the optical potential is randomized (e.g. using laser speckle to create a random intensity distribution) one may be able to observe Anderson localization of matter waves for non-interacting bosons, the so-called Bose glass in the presence of interactions, as well as the Fermi glass or quantum spin glass for mixtures of fermions and bosons.
DOI: 10.12693/APhysPolA.109.89
PACS numbers:03.75.Kk, 03.75.Lm, 05.30.Jp, 64.60.Cn