Zn(Mn)O Surface Alloy Studied by Synchrotron Radiation Photoemission
E. Guziewicza, K. Kopalkoa, J. Sadowskia, M. Guziewiczb and Z. Golackia
aInstitute of Physics, Polish Academy of Sciences, al. Lotników 36/42, 02-688 Warszawa, Poland
bInstitute of Electron Technology, al. Lotników 36/42, 02-688 Warszawa, Poland
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Received: 4 06 2005;
The Mn/ZnO(0001) system was investigated by synchrotron radiation photoemission. The Mn/ZnO interface with 4 ML of manganese deposited onto the ZnO surface was annealed up to 500ºC. No Mn capping layer was found at the surface after annealing as was confirmed by scanning Auger spectroscopy experiment. We used a resonant photoemission to extract the Mn3d partial density of states in photoemission spectra. The Mn3d states contribute to the electronic structure of the system within 10 eV of the Fermi level. They show three features: a main peak at 3.8-4.5 eV, a valence structure at the top of the valence band (1-3 eV), and a broad satellite situated between 5.5 and 9 eV below EF. The satellite/main branching ratio was determined to be 0.43, which is a fingerprint of strong hybridization between the Mn3d electrons and the valence band of the crystal. The hybridization effect in Zn1-x MnxO surface alloy is comparable to Zn1-xMnxS and much higher than in Zn1-xMnxSe, Zn1-xMnxTe, and Ga1-xMnxAs semimagnetic compounds.
DOI: 10.12693/APhysPolA.108.689
PACS numbers:73.20.-r, 79.60.-i, 79.60.Jv