Primary Chemical Reactions Induced by Transformation of Radioactive Nuclei in Solids at Low Temperatures. Investigation by Means of the Emission Mössbauer and Positron Spectroscopies
V.M.Byakova, L.A. Kulikovb, Y.D. Perfil'evb and S.V. Stepanova
aInstitute for Theoretical and Experimental Physics, 117218, Moscow, Russia
bChemical Department, Lomonosov Moscow State University, Leninskie Gory, 119899, Moscow, Russia
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Received: 20 09 2004;
A set of early chemical reactions in grapes of ionization (blobs) arising in tracks of fast electrons and positrons in liquids as well as formed by the Auger electrons in frozen aqueous media around decaying Mössbauer 57Co or 119mSn nuclei is suggested. The mechanism predicts a correlated variation of the formation probabilities of intrablob final products, namely Fe2+-Fe3+ or Sn2+-Sn4+ ions, positronium atom and molecular hydrogen with variation of temperature, degree of crystallinity, concentration of electron scavengers. These correlations indicate on similarity of chemical processes as in blobs created by 57Co and 119mSn after their decay as well as in blobs produced in tracks of fast positrons and electrons.
DOI: 10.12693/APhysPolA.107.792
PACS numbers:61.80.Fe, 36.10.Dr, 78.70.Bj