Nanocrystalline Permanent Magnets with Enhanced Properties
M. Leonowicz
Faculty of Materials Science and Engineering, Warsaw University of Technology, Wołoska 141, 02-507 Warszawa, Poland
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Parameters of permanent magnets result from the combination of intrinsic properties such as saturation magnetization, magnetic exchange, and magnetocrystalline energy, as well as microstructural parameters such as phase structure, grain size, and orientation. Reduction of the grain size into nanocrystalline regime (~50 nm) leads to the enhanced remanence which derives from ferromagnetic exchange coupling between highly refined grains. In this study the fundamental phenomena, quantities, and structure parameters, which define nanophase permanent magnets are presented and discussed. The theoretical considerations are confronted with experimental data for nanocrystalline Sm--Fe--N type permanent magnets.
DOI: 10.12693/APhysPolA.102.35
PACS numbers: 75.50.--y, 75.60.--d, 75.75.+a