Why Ferromagnetic Semiconductors?
T. Dietl
Institute of Physics, Polish Academy of Sciences, al. Lotników 32/46, 02-668 Warszawa, Poland
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Received: November 19, 2001
Rapid development of information technologies originates from the exponential increase in the density of information that can be processed, stored, and transferred by the unit area of relevant devices. There is, however, a growing amount of evidences that the progress achieved in this way approaches its limits. Various novel ideas put forward to circumvent barriers ahead are described. Particular attention is paid to those concepts which propose to exploit electron or nuclear spins as the information carriers. Here, ferromagnetic semiconductors of III--V or II--VI compounds containing a sizable concentration of transition metals appear as outstanding spintronic materials.
DOI: 10.12693/APhysPolA.100.139
PACS numbers: 75.50.Pp, 72.25.Dc, 75.30.Hx, 85.75--d