J.M. Gerard, B. Gayral, E. Moreau, I. Robert and I. Abram
CNRS Laboratoire de Photonique et de Nanostructures, 196 av. H. Ravera, 92225 Bagneux Cedex, France
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We review the recent development of solid-state cavity quantum electrodynamics using single self-assembled InAs quantum dots and three-dimensional semiconductor microcavities. We discuss first prospects for observing a strong coupling regime for single quantum dots. We then demonstrate that the strong Purcell effect observed for single quantum dots in the weak coupling regime allows us to prepare emitted photons in a given state (the same spatial mode, the same polarization). We present finally the first single-mode solid-state source of single photons, based on an isolated quantum dot in a pillar microcavity. This optoelectronic device, the first ever to rely on a cavity quantum electrodynamics effect, exploits both Coulomb interaction between trapped carriers in a single quantum dot and single mode photon funneling by the microcavity.
DOI: 10.12693/APhysPolA.100.129
PACS numbers: 42.50.Dv, 78.55.Cr